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Blogs » Use Vim as a Python IDE

This tutorial introduces you to SpaceVim as a Python environment, by using the lang#python layer, you make SpaceVim into a great lightweight Python IDE.

Each of the following sections will be covered:

This tutorial is not intended to teach you Python itself.

If you have any problems, feel free to join the SpaceVim gitter chatting room for general discussion.

Enable language layer

The python language support in SpaceVim is provided by lang#python layer, and it is not enabled by default. You need to enable it in SpaceVim configuration file. Press SPC f v d to open the SpaceVim configuration file, and add following snippet to your configuration file.

[[layers]]
  name = "lang#python"

For more info, you can read the lang#python layer documentation.

Select a Python interpreter

Python is an interpreted language, and in order to run Python code and get semantic information, you need to tell SpaceVim which interpreter to use. This can be set with python_interpreter layer option. For example:

[[layers]]
  name = 'lang#python'
  python_interpreter = 'D:\scoop\shims\python.exe'

This option will be applied to neomake’s python maker and python code runner.

Code completion

Code autocompletion is provided by autocomplete layer, which is loaded by default. The language completion source is included in lang#python layer. This layer includes deoplete-jedi for neovim.

complete python code

Syntax linting

Code Linting is provided by checkers layer, which is also enabled by default. There are two syntax linters enabled by default, python and pylint, both of them run asynchronously.

To install pylint, just run following command in terminal.

pip install --user pylint

Code formatting

Code formatting is provided by format layer, this layer is also enabled by default. And the key binding to format current buffer is SPC b f. The default formatter for python code is yapf.

So, before using this feature, please install yapf.

pip install --user yapf

Import packages

When edit Python file, you can import the package automatically, remove unused package and format package list.

pip install --user isort

Jump between alternate files

The alternate files manager provides a command :A, with this command, you can jump between alternate files within a project.

The alternate file structure can be definded in a .project_alt.json file in the root of your project.

For example:

{
  "src/*.py": {"alternate": "test/{}.py"},
  "test/*.py": {"alternate": "src/{}.py"}
}

with this configuration, you can jump between the source code and test file via command :A.

Code running

Code running is provided by builtin code runner. To run current script, you can press SPC l r, and a split window will open, the output of the script will be shown in this window. It is running asynchronously, and will not block your Vim.

code runner

REPL

Start a ipython or python inferior REPL process with SPC l s i. After the REPL process being started, you can send code to inferior process. All key bindings prefix with SPC l s, including sending line, sending selection or even send whole buffer.

pythonrepl

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